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Staple Food Balance Sheet, Coefficient of Variation, and Price Disparity in Indonesia

Kumara Jati
Faculty of Business, Economics and Policy Studies, University of Brunei Darussalam
Abstract—This study examined the staple food balance sheet, coefficient of variation and price disparity in Indonesia. Analysis of staple food balance sheet is calculated based on production and consumption of staple food in 33 provinces in Indonesia. The calculation of staple food balance sheet in 2011 showed that there were rice surplus in 18 provinces, soybean surplus in 4 provinces, corn surplus in 11 provinces, and sugar surplus in 3 provinces. The calculation of coefficient of variation ratio showed the result is varied between staple foods. The ratio of coefficient of variation for sugar and corn was tending to increase from 2009 to 2013. On the other hand, the coefficient of variation ratio for rice and soybean was stable. Based on this research, there are indications of food shortages and price disparity in certain provinces. Local government that has staple food deficit should coordinate with central government, state owned enterprise and local government to make the staple food affordable and available especially for poor people. Surplus provinces can sell the staple food to the deficit provinces.

Index Terms—staple food balance sheet, coefficient of variation, price disparity, Indonesia

Cite: Kumara Jati, "Staple Food Balance Sheet, Coefficient of Variation, and Price Disparity in Indonesia," Journal of Advanced Management Science, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 65-71, March 2014. doi: 10.12720/joams.2.1.65-71
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