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A Comparative Study of a State-Owned and A Private Regional Hospitals in Taiwan by Safety Attitudes Questionnaire from Viewpoints of Physicians and Nurses

Chih-Hsuan Huang 1, Kuan-Kai Huang 2, Yii-Ching Lee 3, Cheng-Feng Wu 4, , and Hsin-Hung Wu 5
1. School of Business Administration, Hubei University of Economics, Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China
2. Center for Quality Management, Chang Hua Hospital, Changhua County, Taiwan
3. Department of Health Business Administration, Hung Kuang University, Taichung City, Taiwan
4. School of Logistics and Engineering Management, Hubei University of Economics, Wuhan City, China
5. Department of Business Administration, National Changhua University of Education, Changhua County, Taiwan
Abstract—This study evaluates if physicians and nurses perceive the patient safety culture differently in a state-owned and a private regional hospitals in central Taiwan by using the data of six dimensions of safety attitudes questionnaire in 2016. Mann-Whitney U test for two independent samples is used to compare if the perceptions from physicians and nurses are significantly different with  = 0.05 for both hospitals. The results show that physicians and nurses do not have different perceptions in safety climate, perceptions of management, and job satisfaction statistically. However, physicians and nurses in the private regional hospital have better perceptions in teamwork climate and stress recognition significantly. In contrast, physicians and nurses in the state-owned hospital have better working conditions statistically.

Index Terms—patient safety culture, safety attitudes questionnaire, private regional hospital, state-owned regional hospital, Mann-Whitney U test for two independent samples

Cite: Chih-Hsuan Huang, Kuan-Kai Huang, Yii-Ching Lee, Cheng-Feng Wu, and Hsin-Hung Wu, "A Comparative Study of a State-Owned and A Private Regional Hospitals in Taiwan by Safety Attitudes Questionnaire from Viewpoints of Physicians and Nurses" Journal of Advanced Management Science, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 232-236, December 2018. doi: 10.18178/joams.6.4.232-236
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