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JOAMS 2023 Vol.11(3): 84-90
doi: 10.18178/joams.11.3.84-90

The Development of Renewable Energies and Green Logistics: Reflections on Three Countries in Latin America

José Guadalupe Octavio Cabrera Lazarini1, Alexander Wollenberg2*, Juan José Cabrera Lazarini1, Gizela Nicol Olivares Rodríguez3, and Ameya Sathya Kakade4
1. Department of International Business, Monterrey, Tecnológico de Monterrey, México
2. Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
3. School of Engineering and Sciences, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Monterrey, México
4. The International School Bangalore, Bangalore, India
Email: octavio.cabrera@tec.mx (J.G.O.C.L.), jcabrera@tec.mx (J.J.G.L.), A00825660@tec.mx (G.N.O.R.), ameya.kakade17@gmail.com (A.S.K.)
*Correspondence: alexander.wollenberg@ku.ac.ae (A.W.)

Manuscript received February 4, 2023; revised March 26, 2023; accepted May 14, 2023; published September 8, 2023.

Abstract—We examine the development of Sustainable (Green) Supply chains in Latin America, which were selected based on their Logistics Performance Index and initiatives in the development of renewable energies over a 10-year period. We based our empirical analysis on UN SDGs concerned with clean energy, innovation, sustainable communities, and climate action (SDGs 7, 9, 11, and 13, respectively). Using a modified RAM-DEA model, our results showed high logistics performance but significant divergence in green logistics performance among countries in Latin America. Chile, Brazil, and Argentina showed moderate levels of inefficiency, which were marked by high oil consumption, high output of CO2 emissions from oil combustion, high energy-related CO2 emissions per capita, and a relatively high mean annual concentration of particulate matter of 2.5 microns and below. However, according to our empirical analysis, the countries showed remarkably positive developments in good inputs, such as investment in R&D, as well as basic and applied research related to renewable energy and green logistics. The three highest-performing countries in this regard have been Argentina, Brazil, and Chile. However, these countries have also experienced immense challenges in implementing renewable energies. Following the empirical analysis, we discuss the policies of the three countries implementing their renewable energy strategies.

Keywords—DEA, Latin America, sustainable development goals, efficiency, supply chains, sustainability, renewable energy, corporate social responsibility, logistics performance index

Cite: José Guadalupe Octavio Cabrera Lazarini, Alexander Wollenberg, Juan José Cabrera Lazarini, Gizela Nicol Olivares Rodríguez, and Ameya Sathya Kakade, "The Development of Renewable Energies and Green Logistics: Reflections on Three Countries in Latin America," Journal of Advanced Management Science, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 84-90, 2023. 

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
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