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Analysis of External Examinations in Mathematics in Montenegro with the Aim of Raising the Quality of the Item Writers’ Work

Zeljko Jacimovic 1, Tatjana Vujosevic 2, and Svetlana Nikic 2
1. University of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro
2. Examination Centre of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro

Abstract—This paper presents the analysis of matura and professional exams in mathematics. This is an external exam that students take in Montenegro at the end of high school and vocational school. The paper includes a detailed statistical analysis of some items that are written for the matura and professional exams. Analysis was performed by Classical Test Theory methodology and data processing was taking into account results of all students who took the math on the external exam (about 500 students in gymnasi-um and about 500 students in vocational school). Items that are listed in this paper represent different levels of compe-tence and domains. Data are presented graphically and show the behavior of items in different groups of students in relation to the total achievement on the test. Based on the results and analysis, clear recommendations are given to the authors how to increase the values of parameters that de-scribe the validity, reliability and discrimination of the items in the test, and also to increase the competence of teachers for creating standardized, valid tests for external verification of students’ knowledge.

Index Terms—external exam, analysis of math items, rec-ommendations

Cite: Zeljko Jacimovic, Tatjana Vujosevic, and Svetlana Nikic, "Analysis of External Examinations in Mathematics in Montenegro with the Aim of Raising the Quality of the Item Writers’ Work," Journal of Advanced Management Science, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 339-343, December 2014. doi: 10.12720/joams.2.4.339-343
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